There are four cases in Icelandic. The fourth case in the declension table is known as the “genitive case”.[a] It shows that the word belongs to something.
The helper word you use to force a word into the fourth case is „til“ (“to”).
Things that cause the fourth case
- til (to)
- vegna (because of)
- án (without)
Verbs that cause the fourth case include:
- að sakna (to miss someone)
- að njóta (to enjoy)
It also appears in sentences showing ownership such as:
- Þetta er köttur Gunnars. (This is the cat of Gunnar)