Level A1

Dative case – the third case

There are four cases in Icelandic. The third case in the declension table is the dative case (þágufall, abbreviated as þgf.).[a] It usually implies that the word has something or is being given something.
The helper word you use to force a word into the dative case is „frá“ (“from”).

Things that cause the third case

The following prepositions always cause the dative case:
  • frá (from)
  • hjá (by)
  • úr (out of)
  • handa (for)
  • á móti (against)
And these prepositions can either cause the accusative case (the second case) or the dative case (the third case) depending on context (click here to see the difference):
  • á (on)
  • eftir (after)
  • fyrir (standing in the way of; in their opinion)
  • í (in)
  • með (with)
  • undir (underneath)
  • við (to someone)
  • yfir (above)
  • að svara (to respond)
  • að kynnast (to get to know someone)
  • að hjálpa (to help)
The four cases: Nominativeaccusativedativegenitive