Level A1
There are four cases in Icelandic. The first case in the declension table is known as the “nominative case”.[a] It is the default case for a word and it shows that the word is doing something — it is the main subject of the sentence.
The helper words you use to force a word into the first case is „hér er“ (“here is”).
Verbs that cause the first case include „að vera“ (to be) and „að heita“ (to be called).
Examples:
  • Kötturinn minn borðaði kvöldmatinn minn. (My cat ate my dinner) – The cat is the main subject of the sentence.
  • Hann er ekki góður köttur. (He is not a good cat) – “He” is the main subject of the sentence, “good cat” is in the first case because „að vera“ causes the first case.